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Summer Garden Tips

b2ap3_thumbnail_hconw1CC.jpgThe summer solstice marked the official start of summer and your spring peas are done and looking a little brown. The lettuce is getting lanky and bitter. You’ve nibbled the kale down to nubs. Now what?

Year-round harvest means rotating plants in and out of your garden space. Late spring and early summer are a good time to make some changes that will take you through a summer of harvests eating your fresh veggies and fruit. Here are eight steps to keep you going through the summer.

 

  1. Evaluate your garden. Remove spring plants that are done yielding and annual flowers that are finished for the season. Put them in your compost—remember to chop or break them up into smaller pieces if necessary.
  2. Find the gaps—Now you can see where the spaces and opportunities for plants are in your garden. Think about how much time you have until your first frost. Light is not a limiting factor now, but might slow a harvest later—about the time of frosts. For these reasons, expect to put transplants into those spaces instead of seeds. Also, remember that that cute little zucchini plant will spread very quickly now. That will be fine as you remove other spring annuals or broccoli, cauliflower, etc… at the end of their harvest.
  3. Consulting a planting calendar. Calendars like this one will help you know week to week what will work in your area. By mid-June major summer crops should be in. In the Midwest there is a gap of 2-4 weeks and then fall crops are seeded in flats. If you are still looking to plant something in the last part of June, summer squashes and bush beans might be your ticket
  4. Nasturtium leaf and flower are both delightful in flowersTreat your transplants well.  When transplanting seedlings now, expect to baby them more than at other times. Regular watering will be needed. Watering in the summer should be done in the early morning or near sunset and close to the soil so that you don't stress the leaves of the plants. You may need to prune plants back if they show signs of stress (yellowing leaves, wilting).
  5. Choose plants for heat and drought. Some of the best plants for heat and drought are our annual fruits and veggies. Tomatoes, Mediterranean-based cooking herbs, squash, eggplant, peppers, and beans are all tolerant of intense summers. Summer squash are shorter lived than winter squash. Malabar spinach (vs. other types) loves the heat. Ground cherries—a relative of tomatillo—are splendid in a summer garden—and a delightful treat.
  6. Choose small fruits over larger ones. Cherry tomatoes over beef steak tomatoes, for example. The smaller fruit ripen more quickly and over a longer period of time than larger fruits.
  7. Plan for fall. As you evaluate your garden you will get to know how soon your harvest of a plant will take place and what will die back. These plants create a space for your fall crops to fill. It’s easier to start your fall crops in trays and protect the trays from excessive heat, light, and drought than to protect seedlings directly sown into the garden. This is also the time to buy seeds you want to plant in the fall. Again, calendars provide excellent guides for what works in your area.meadowsweet
  8. Keep a record. There are lots of garden journals around. A simple calendar can be the simplest tool. Filling in an observation each day helps you become educated about your own garden and gardening style. It will help you anticipate when a pest will show up in the garden—or when to expect the harvest. 

Following these eight steps will help to keep you in fresh food well into the fall! 

 

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